The adoption of the Constitution of Kenya in August 2010 which establishes an extensive devolved system of government and current efforts to operationalise county governance, are the main supporting reasons for the establishment of the devolution programme at KI.

Secondly, KI (and persons affiliated to it) have played a central role in the search for an appropriate design of devolution, during the constitutional review process, and are currently involved in various efforts to support its effective implementation.
KI’s Strategic approach to devolution
Article 174 of the Constitution which lists the objectives of devolution provides the basis and guiding philosophy for KI’s involvement in devolved governance. Indeed, the nine objectives capture the public and peoples’ aspirations when they overwhelmingly in favour of the Constitution in August 2010. Accordingly, KI’s approach to devolved governance aims at influencing devolution implementation towards achievement of the set objectives.
Accordingly, KI’s structure and programme is designed and pursued along the objectives of the devolved system of government described above. The objectives of devolution, as listed in the Constitution, are wide-ranging and it would be highly ambitious for the programme to cover each and every detail aimed at realising the nine objectives. Accordingly, while KI’s programme will be designed and pursued along the objectives, the scale and coverage of activities will be determined by KI’s capacity (planned and ongoing initiatives).
KI’s devolution programme is guided by the fact that first there are already a multiple actors (state and non-state) and initiatives on devolution, KI’s programme activities are preceded by an assessment of ongoing close or similar initiatives and where practicable it seeks collaboration to avoid duplication and fragmentation of efforts. KI’s programmes are also carefully evaluated against the objectives/ purposes of devolution earlier highlighted and it recognises that the national government has an equal, or even greater responsibility in making devolution work. Consequently, its engagements are two-pronged: targeting national-level and county-level actors who are relevant to implementation of devolution